The Psychophysics Psyber Lab

 

 

 

Rick Boven's Thesis

The use of multiple observers in signal detection theory: A method to remove the effect of unique noise from experimental data

Richard Boven

1976

Submitted for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Abstract

This thesis reports an investigation of the use of multiple observer groups in the theory of signal detectability. When an experimenter conducts a psychophysical experiment his data contain the effect of noise which is unique to each observer an can systematically affect his results. Since the experimenter cannot adequately measure this noise he cannot assess its impact on his data.

The mathematical theory of multiple observers suggests that is is possible to remove the effect of this unique noise from signal detection data by using multiple observer groups. Three experiments designed to demonstrate this result are reported. The results suggest that the group-operating-characteristic (GOC) curve of Watson can, if sufficient observers are run, be used to remove the effect of unique noise from experimental data.

Applications of multiple observers to the measurement of the ratio of unique noise variance to common noise variance are considered. It is shown that the criteria adopted by the observers in the group affect both the performance of the group and the estimate of the ratio of unique noise to common noise.

Last updated 08 Nov 2009 04:37 PM

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